When traffic lights were first being installed around the country, it was most common for the signal heads to be mounted on top of poles about 8 feet tall, and/or on the side of utility and streetlamp posts via mounting arms. These methods are still used today, but only in an auxiliary way. In the earliest years, drivers had to keep an eye out at this low level for all the signals – sometimes with only one light per approach.
- RC Maxwell Photos
- West New York Marbelites
- War-Time Bakelite Hornis
- A Preserved Horni Pair
- The Last Solid Hornis
- The Last AGA
- The Last GE Novalux
RC Maxwell collection photos
In this section, I will post photos from the RC Maxwell advertising company’s archive kept online at Duke University. Click these photos to see the full size version.
Among the coolest signals I’ve ever seen are these early pedestal-style Horni Signals with small rectangular lenses. This is in Asbury Park in 1931. Asbury Park also used similarly old span-wire signals.
Here, a handsome GE Novalux 4-way signal on a fluted steel pole made by Union Metal controls a Trenton intersection in 1939. The fire alarm box with its marker light and the quaint business signs are also spectacular.
The photo above is one I put in the “mind-blowing” category. Today, US-1 and Milltown Road in North Brunswick is a multi-lane overpass with ramps. Back in 1937, when US-1 was NJ-25, the corner was controlled by pedestal-mounted signals. I believe those are solid-cast Horni signals facing the photographer and American Gas Accumulator signals facing Milltown Road on the left.
Just a few miles up the road in downtown New Brunswick, we find Crouse-Hinds Type T signals with very spiky hardware at the corner of George & Albany Streets. Albany Street (the cross street in the photo) is much wider now.
Lots more Trenton goodies in the above photo from 1939, featuring lovely street lamps, cool directional signage and route shields, painted advertisement, and pedestal-mounted signals by American Gas Accumulator.
Pedestal 4-ways in West New York
The old urban municipalities in Hudson County are known by signal fans as one of the best enclaves of old signals in service in the country. These photos of late 1940s Marbelite signals were taken in 2017 by Kevin Mueller. Notable features include the stubby finials, the Marbelite 6540 style lenses with the emerald green, and the Kopp #66 diamond pattern lenses. The blank doors with the “X” are not like any I’ve seen elsewhere. The bottom domes appear to be “Ruleta” style, as seen in the NYC 2-color lights.
War-Time Horni Bakelite Signals in East Rutherford
Several years ago, New Jersey collector Chris Sebes posted an unusual looking pair of old signals that were mixed in with newer heads at an East Rutherford intersection. After some discussion among several collectors, we identified them as Horni Signal heads made of Bakelite (an early form of rigid plastic) during the war-time restrictions on aluminum. No doubt these are the last of their kind…an exceptionally cool find! The Google images below are of the pair that Chris spotted:
Collector David Prince eventually made his way to the same intersection with camera in hand, and although the paired light Chris had seen a couple years before was gone, a another Bakelite single head was still tucked away next to a telephone pole across the street, which he got great photos of(below), along with this video.
A Preserved Horni Pair
Here’s a rare collecting score… Ohio collector Jay Jenkins has a number of really cool items in his possession, and this is one of my favorites. This pair of 1920s – ’30s solid-cast Horni signals with cast tunnel visors was once mounted atop a post. Yes, this came from New Jersey, and it is the only survivor like it that I know of.
Last Known (Solid) Hornis in Service
Signal heads from the pre-WWII era were still around in decent numbers when I was growing up, but they were nearly gone by the time I ever tried to photograph any of them.
In 2003, I discovered this pair of 1920s/’30s Horni signals at the corner of Vauxhall Road and Glenn Avenue in Union. They are the same model as Jay’s signal above, except with cutaway visors. One head was wrapped in plastic due to the reversal of the one-way direction on Glenn Ave.
Incredibly, these survived for about another ten years after I took the photos. These were likely the last solid-cast Hornis left in New Jersey.
… and the last AGA
Still there!! This photo is a Google screen grab of what is likely oldest signal in service in New Jersey. This is a 1920s “pedestrian island beacon” with amber lenses (now LEDs) all around, beautifully maintained by the city of Summit at the corner of Maple St and Union Pl. The manufacturer is American Gas Accumulator out of Elizabeth, NJ.
Another AGA signal that survived for an exceptionally long time was this one on Franklin Turnpike in Mahwah, which I photographed way back in 2003 or so. I don’t have my original set of images of this, and sadly don’t know if any images of the signal’s face exist. For the signal collectors out there, I recall that it had Corning large bead (Type E?) lenses.
…and the last GE Novalux
GE signals were very popular in Newark. In 2005, I spotted this solid-cast 1930s GE Novalux still going there. The lenses were the original GE Holophane “spider web” glass lenses. Sadly, his light was replaced soon after I found it. There are still many modular GE signals in Newark today, but I’m not sure if any solid-cast Novaluxes are left.
Here is the Novalux that I had in my collection.