As traffic volume and average speed increased in the ’20s and ’30s, it became more and more common to suspend traffic signals above the road for better visibility. Steel (and later, aluminum) mast arms, stabilized by guy wires, were the main choice in New Jersey until truss rod masts were introduced in the mid ’50s. Signal heads could be mounted from mast arms, either vertically or horizontally, with red on the left in the latter case. A number of these old masts are still scattered around the state, although nearly all of these survivors have newer signals attached to them.
- The Hoboken Horni
- Atlantic City
- New Brunswick
- Cinnaminson Police Photos
The Hoboken Horni
photos by Kevin Mueller
The most well-known traffic light in New Jersey among vintage signal fans might be this 4-way signal in Hoboken, made by Horni Signal Mfg. Corp. in the mid 1930s. Most signal collectors are familiar with the Crouse-Hinds “Art Deco” and Eagle “Eaglelux” signals that are held together by tie rods and end plates. The Horni adaptation of this design was much less commonly seen, but here is a beautiful example of one. The Horni design used three tie rods per head, unlike CH and Eagle, which used two rods. My guess is that these tie-rod Hornis were made for only a few years before the modular model was introduced in 1938.
This lone signal controlled the corner of Washington & 1st Streets without any apparent alteration for over eighty years. It was finally replaced by larger signals adhering to current specs in April, 2018. Thankfully, the old Horni was not tossed in the dumpster, however. It was kept in safe storage, and that October, three fellow collectors and I had the privilege of installing it in the Hoboken Historical Museum!
Below are some of the amazing photos of guy-wire masts in Atlantic City from the online RC Maxwell Digital Collection from Duke University.
You can check out the AC span wire photos I have from the RC Maxwell collection here.
For all the images that open up in “slider” mode, I recommend using the “view full size” button (in the lower right corner in full desktop layout) to see these images best.
The photos above show a mast-hung American Gas Accumulator adjustable 4-way. All of these photos also include at least one square-lens GE 4-way in the background!
Take a close look at the AGA, and you’ll notice the bottom indication is lit in all directions. The signal seems to have the red on the bottom in one direction and green on the bottom in the other. My only guess is that this corner may have previously had a 3-bulb signal that was replaced by the AGA, and the engineers decided to keep the old color configuration because local drivers were used to it at that corner.
It is almost impossible to imagine signals like these controlling traffic now.
The photo set above features more of the truly rare GE signals that used square lenses. I would love to find out that at least one of these was saved from the scrap pile.
Crouse-Hinds 4-ways… The first three photos show 3-bulb heads (with reversed colors for side street versus main street) and the last shows a more “modern” 12-bulb Type D.
Lastly, paired 3-way signals on very short masts…which appear to be Crouse-Hinds 3-bulbers.
Above, in the left-hand column, are two views of Monument Square in New Brunswick, from 1958 and the late ’70s, showing silver guy-wired signals that I can’t identify with certainty…the hanging lights look more like Crouse-Hinds portholes than anything to me, but the hardware looks like Horni Signal.
The middle photo was taken just two blocks west of Monument Square, at George Street and Paterson Street, and the right hand photo is from the corner of Somerset Street and Easton Avenue. These last two images are amazing views of Crouse-Hinds Type D clusters…clearly, the lights at Easton Ave have octagonal hardware. I would love to discover that these have been saved in a local garage somewhere.
Still more from the RC Maxwell collection; here are a few guy wire mast signals in Trenton and nearby Ewing Township.
The above signals are from Trenton proper. The first photo shows an AGA cluster in 1949 with very cool hardware, and at least two signals with what appear to be louvered attachments. Note also the decorative seashell covers on the pole base. The next photos show an early (March 1939) installation of Horni Flat-Top signal clusters along with what appears to be the same intersection depicted in an illustration published by Horni Signal in the 1941 Municipal Index. My assumption, which may be wrong, is that the signs saying CAUTION NORMALLY OUT SIGNAL refers to the fact that these signals only operated at designated rush hour times, and were otherwise left dark or in flash mode (image courtesy of Mike Natale).
The photos above are from the corner of Pennington Rd (present day NJ Route 31) and N. Olden Avenue in Ewing Township in 1946 (left) and in 1949. The silver (or white) Horni signals were repainted dark green sometime between the photos. However, notice that the controller boxes got the opposite treatment!
These images from Paterson (Straight & Grand on left, Market & Cianci on right) have sentimental value for me. In 1972, my parents owned a small grocery store in south Paterson, and the signals next to our store were set up just like these; horizontal heads on single-pipe mast arms, held from steel poles with guy wires, and (re)painted yellow. My older brother, cousin and I would act like baseball umpires, calling drivers “Safe!” if they entered the intersection on amber or “Out!”, for running a red light.
As of this writing, Paterson has only one intersection remaining with signal equipment from this era, at the corner of 20th Ave and E 31st Street. There are still two of the old steel poles there, one of which still has the original pair of 1940s GE “Groove-Back” signal heads, retro-fitted with LEDs.
Westwood native Steven Conboy captured these images of this lovely 1930s-40s Eaglelux 4-way cluster gracing the center of his boyhood town. As widely popular as Eagle Signal equipment has been across the country, it was always less common in New Jersey, so this is an unusual sight. The pedestal signals look like GEs, probably added to the corner in the early ’50s.
GE 1950s streamlined signal heads, the favorite of jugglers everywhere… These are always cool to find, and this Bergen County installation on guy wire masts is the best left in the state. Signal and rail fan David Prince captured these on a 2017 trip to Jersey from his home in the Heart of Dixie.
Here David’s Youtube videos of this intersection:
Another stop on David Prince’s trip was this beautiful set of Marbelites, looking unscathed since the early ’50s. This setup, with twin 3-way clusters and auxiliary heads on each pole, was once common. I remember seeing several corners set up this way years ago. This is the last survivor I know of.
Here are David’s Youtube videos of this intersection:
Cinnaminson Police Photos
This set of photographs spanning the 1950s into the ’70s was mostly taken along US Route 130. These signals remind me of what I typically saw in my childhood whenever we drove on the US or state highways. Since most of these photos show guy wire masts, I put the whole photo set on this page. Besides the old lights, I miss the rural feel that has been largely lost in many towns like Cinnaminson.
Each photo view has a “View Full size” option.